Posted in Cloud, Openstack

Basic networking in Openstack Part2

In first part we saw how to create new VM in internal/private network now in this post we will see how to add external/public network to VM instance.

First check if our existing VM is in running state.

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Now also check available network using CLI and using Openstack Dashboard.

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Posted in Cloud, network, Openstack

Basic networking in Openstack Part 1

Once you install Openstack in single node or multinode setup next thing is to setup network. To understand networking in Openstack is little tedious job. This post is to describe basic Openstack networking concept by creating internal/external networking and testing the same.

First delete all default network like public and private which were created by default after Openstack installation using

#neutron net-delete <net-name>

Let us create new internal network first.

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Create subnet for network private-net with subnet address 10.0.0.0/24

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Posted in Linux, Uncategorized

Graphical/Desktop UI for Centos 7/RHEL 7

Many times we need graphical UI to open/run some applications. So following are simple and quick steps to create graphical UI on Centos7/RHEL7.

First check you have yum repository configured to access local or internet repository

#yum repolist

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Graphical UI filesets will install in group so that all required/dependent filesets will install automatically. Check all available groups in yum repository using group list

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Posted in Linux, Openstack

Multinode Openstack Installation on Centos 7/RHEL 7

This post describing multinode OpenStack installation on centos7/rhel7 for Liberty release. If you want to do single node installation please refer my earlier post.

We are installing OpenStack onto 3 nodes controller,compute and network using packstack utility

Following is 3 node Openstack Architecture and related Openstack services running on respective nodes. I am using two network one is management network of 192.168.56.* which is used for internal communication between nodes and one external network used to assign public IP to VM and to access instances/VM from outside. I am also using NATed DHCP ip on each nodes to download required filesets from internet.

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Posted in Linux, Openstack

Openstack Liberty install using packstack on Centos 7/RHEL 7

This post is a quickstart guide to install OpenStack Liberty release using packstack on CentOS7.

This is very basic POC setup where all components will be installed on one node only. I will create another post for multinode installation setup.

  1. Install CentOS using minimal install Software Selection.

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Posted in Linux, network

Network Configuration in RHEL 7/Centos 7

In this post I am going to show how to do network configuration in rhel7/centos7. We have ip command introduced in linux way back but we never used it. In this post we will use ip related commands which isnot easy to use as it has many options need to provide to get relevant output.

to see IP address details normally we used ifconfig command we check the same using ip addr show command.

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Here we an see ipv4 address of eth0 interface along with ipv6 address and network UP status and mtu size.
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Posted in Linux, Security

Access Control List (ACL) Permissions in RHEL 7/Centos 7

Today I am going to show you how to use access control list (ACL) permissions in rhel7. Traditionally we have assigned permission to one user/owner and one group for file or directory but in some cases we need other user or other group apart from owner need to have readonly access or write access on same directory. To achieve this we have access control list permission concept in Linux.

Other users and and groups can also access file or directory even when they are not owners and member of group who is having ownership on that file or directory.

we use only two commands getfacl to see ACL permissions on directory/file and setfacl to set ACL permissions. We can even set default ACL so that new files and sub-directories created in directory will inherit ACL permissions of parent directory.

The filesystem needs to be mounted with ACL support enabled. XFS filesystems have built-in ACL support and Ext4 filesystem in RHEL7 have ACL option enabled by default. In earlier versions of RHEL you may need the ACL option included with mount request.

First we see ACL permission on file named prod.conf.

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Posted in Linux

Manage local Users and Groups in Centos 7/RHEL 7

1.  To create user use command useradd.

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2. Whenever new user is created without specifying any other values then default values will be taken after creating user. You can check default values for any user creation using following commands.

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user chris is created with id 1001 and user private group created named chris with 1001 group id (the group created with same name as user is called user private group).

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